Herb garden: medicinal plants that can be grown in the country
The use of medicinal plants in therapy today is more relevant than ever. Preparations made from medicinal herbs, cannot fully replace modern synthetic drugs, but their use often becomes a great aid in the relief of many ailments and improve the quality of life of chronic patients.
Given the continuous rise in price of pharmacy drugs, a huge plus is that everyone is quite capable not only to prepare the herbal decoction or infusion at home, but also to grow plant material in the garden.
Old friends: tasty and healthy
Almost all vegetable and berry crops, traditionally cultivated in home gardens, and have medicinal properties, what horticulturists and gardeners sometimes forget:
Potatoes. Steam boiled tubers treated with catarrhal phenomena. Grated raw potato is excellent remedy for boils and burns, it reduces inflammation and swelling insect bites. Freshly squeezed potato juice lowers blood pressure, helps normalize bowel function, reduces the acidity of gastric juice, relieves nausea;
Beet. Juice squeezed from raw or boiled roots are used as nasal drops in the treatment of rhinitis, sinusitis and sinusitis. it is added to the solution to rinse the throat with angina. Mixed with juices of carrot, radish, cabbage, beet juice is used to treat anemia and diseases of the stomach;
Carrots. The roots contain a substance that has anti-inflammatory, wound healing, diuretic, laxative, expectorant and analgesic effect. Decoction of seeds and leaves is used in diseases of the urinary tract and kidneys, in particular, in the treatment of urolithiasis;
The onion and garlic. These vegetables are widely used in folk medicine. They say that “bow from seven ailment”. Onion and garlic possess anti-bacterial action. Useful infusion onion husks – it reduces swelling, used for the prevention of diabetes. The paste of roasted onion is anti-inflammatory, very effective for the treatment of boils;
Parsley. Healing properties have all parts of the plant. The decoction or juice is used in the treatment of women’s diseases, when abscesses and insect bites and as a diuretic, sudorific and antispasmodic agents. Infusion of roots and herbs to treat prostatitis. Parsley is used in cosmetology for the purpose of whitening and healing the skin;
Cabbage. Is used as antiulcer and cholagogue. Raw leaves are applied to wounds, the abscesses, the inflamed joints. Decoction of seeds to treat gout;
Radish. Has strong antibacterial and antispasmodic action. Used in the treatment of respiratory diseases, hypertension. diseases of the liver. The radish juice heal wounds, ulcers and sores, it get rid of intestinal parasites. Poultices and ointments from seed help for fungal infections of the skin and eczema .
Healing properties are and other inhabitants of our gardens: herbs (dill, Basil, celery, hyssop, tarragon), nightshade family (tomatoes, eggplant, different types of peppers), pumpkins and beans. We should also mention the plants that are still rare in our gardens: the Jerusalem artichoke and scorzonera (black salsify). Their tubers and root vegetables contain large amounts of inulin, useful for diabetic patients.
About what fruits and berries growing in suburban areas, are essential sources of minerals and vitamins, everyone knows. But the benefits that can accrue from such plants, is not limited. For example, the leaves of garden strawberries and berry bushes (raspberries, currants) can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, colds, gastrointestinal tract diseases, hypertension, skin diseases and many other ailments. Hawthorn and dog rose often grown as ornamental shrubs, but their fruit can be used as a vitamin and pharmaceutical raw materials. Have medicinal properties Rowan berries (red and black) and cherry.
Than admire, the and treated
From flowering plants of our gardens, having medicinal properties, are widely known, perhaps, only marigold and peony. However, colors that are not only able to please with their beauty, but also to share with the growers of medicinal raw materials, much more. To help cope with a variety of ailments can irises, tulips, daffodils, primrose, violets of Wittrock (Pansy), cornflowers, Solidago, uvularia, ranks, badani, marigolds, delphiniums, gladioli, daisies, amarantha, comfrey and many other flowers are popular among gardeners.
Until recently, such well-known medicinal plants like lemon balm, Catnip, sage, oregano, thyme, Valerian, loosestrife, yarrow, St. John’s wort, lavender, Dubrovnik, motherwort, etc. met in suburban areas is very rare, so as to procure planting material was not easy. Today the seeds of these herbs are sold in specialty stores, and grow them in your garden every day. Most medicinal plants have a high decorative effect and pleasant smell, and may become a decoration of the garden.
The rules for the cultivation and use of medicinal plants
The idea to independently provide for his family of medicinal plant raw material is very attractive, but gardeners should not forget that the use of medicinal herbs may have side effects. To avoid trouble, consider the following:
The site, which will be grown medicinal plants, should be clean. This means that the use of chemicals in the country will have to minimize;
Storage of herbs should be carried out in strictly defined terms. In addition, great importance is the correct handling (washing, slicing, drying) of flowers, herbs, leaves, and roots of medicinal plants. If the technology of raw material preparation is not sustained, the effect of its use will decrease significantly;
The preparation of decoctions, infusions, ointments from medicinal raw material requires careful following of recipes. Failure to comply with the proportions, time boiling or brewing, and other conditions drugs can act as expected;
Herbal therapy is often a cause of allergic reactions. In addition, the self-cooking preparations to ensure an accurate dosage of active ingredients is almost impossible. So it makes sense to start with small servings of decoctions and infusions to avoid side effects.
Preparations made from plant material, are the same drugs as everyone else. These should be used with caution, taking into account all contraindications. It is clear that such treatment is possible only with the permission of the attending physician to assess the patient’s condition and decide if herbal therapy with conventional medicines that are already assigned to the patient.
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